IELTS স্পিকিং এর জন্য …
IELTS স্পিকিং পর্বটি যেভাবে শুরু হয়:
স্পিকিং পর্বটি ৪ থেকে ৫ মিনিট স্থায়ী হয়। শুরুতে থাকে পরিচয় পর্ব এবং দুটো টপিকের ওপর আলোচনা।
টপিকগুলো সাধারণত Hometown, Neighborhood, Work, Hobbies, Friends, Family, Sports, Food ইত্যাদি নিয়ে হয়ে থাকে।
যে বিষয়গুলো মাথায় রেখে মার্কিং করা হয় তার মধ্যে উল্লেখযোগ্য হচ্ছে, Pronunciation, Fluency, Vocabulary, Grammar
এটাকে ০ পার্টও বলা হয়। এখানে ৪টি প্রশ্ন থাকে।
Good afternoon. My name’s Elizabeth Farguson. What is full name?
Ans: Good afternoon (Elizabeth). My name’s Bui Ming Chang.
Elizabeth বলা যেতে পারে, না বললেও সমস্যা নেই।
name’s (নেমিজ) কে ভেঙ্গে name is (নেম ইজ) বলা যাবে না। একসাথে বলতে হবে।
মুখে হাসি ধরে রেখে পরিষ্কারভাবে বলতে হবে।
What can I call you?
অর্থাৎ এক্ষেত্রে এক্সামিনার আপনার শর্ট নেম জানতে চাচ্ছে।
You can call me Ming.
Just call me Ming.
Please call me Ming.
এই তিন ধরনের উত্তরের যে কোনো একটি ব্যবহার করা যেতে পারে।
এক্ষেত্রে ব্যাখ্যা করা বা উত্তর বড় করার প্রয়োজন নেই।
Q3: Where are you from?
Ans: I’m from Hanoi.
I come from Hong Kong.
I am from Kolkata which is in the east of India.
যেকোনো একভাবে বলা যেতে পারে, তবে তিন নম্বর পদ্ধতিটা ব্যবহার করতে পারেন।
Q3: Could I see your Identification, please?
Can you show me your identification, please?
Ans: Here you are.
Sure. Here you are.
Of course. Here it is.
যেকোনো একভাবে বলা যেতে পারে। বাড়তি কিছু বলার প্রয়োজন নাই।
স্পিকিং পার্টে করণীয় (Dos):
চোখে চোখ রেখে কথা বলতে হবে
নরমাল এক্সাইটমেন্ট বজায় রাখতে হবে। খুব উত্তেজিত হয়ে যাওয়া, বা জুবুথুবু ভাব ক্ষতিকর।
বন্ধুত্বপূর্ণভাব বজায় রেখে কথা বলতে হবে।
খুব কম ভোকাবুলারি ব্যবহার না করে একটু আনকমন ওয়ার্ড ব্যবহার করতে হবে।
যেমন, food না বলে, বলা যেতে পারে cuisine ।
I like, না বলে, I enjoy, I love, I really love …
উত্তর সবসময় একটু বড় করতে হবে। উত্তর বড় করে তাকে বোঝাতে হবে যে আপনি ভালো ইংরেজি জানেন।
যেমন, ধরুণ, আপনাকে জিজ্ঞেস করলো- আপনার বাড়ি কোথায়?
আপনি বললেন, Dhaka
এটা না বলে বলতে পারেন-
I live in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh.
স্পিকিং পার্টে যা করা যাবে না (Don’ts):
monotone এ কথা বলা যাবে না। ভয়েজ এর প্রয়োজনীয় আপ ডাউন থাকতে হবে।
yes/no উত্তর দেওয়া যাবে না।
Have you ever gone to Japan?
এই প্রশ্নের উত্তরে yes/no বললে হয়ে যায়, কিন্তু সেটি করা যাবে না।
উত্তর হতে পারে–
Not at all, but I have heard a lot about Japan. I wonder I could go there.
“I don’t know” এরকম answer দেওয়া যাবে না।
What is the capital city of China?
উত্তর না জানলেও বলা যাবে না “I don’t know”
বলা যেতে পারে—
I knew, but at this moment I am confusing.
মনে রাখতে হবে IELTS এ চীনের রাজধানী জানা না জানায় কোনো মার্কস নেই, মার্কস আছে ইংরেজি পারা না পারায়,
তাই যেভাবে হোক প্রমাণ করতে হবে যে আপনি ইংরেজি পারেন।
খুব দ্রুত বা ধিরে উত্তর দেওয়া যাবে না।
মিনমিন করে উত্তর দেওয়া যাবে না।
পারফেক্ট ইংলিশ নিয়ে চিন্তিত হওয়া যাবে না।
IELTS স্পিকিং এর জন্য বারোটি টিপস্
- Be formal
- Give a full answer
- Be polite cultured
- Maintain good posture
- Speak clearly
- Use descriptive words
- Speak up
- Keep a steady pace
- Explain foreign words
- Stay on topic
- Don’t use slang
- Don’t memorize answers
কোনো বিষয়ে বক্তব্য শুরু করার আগে নিচের বাগবিধি কাজে লাগতে পারে।
- First of all….
- And why do I like it so much? Well, it….
- To begin with….
- One of the most interesting things about….
- This is the most important day/thing in my life because…
বক্তব্য এগিয়ে নিতে নিচের ফ্রেসগুলো কাজে লাগবে।
- Another reason why I like …..
- Moreover it….
- One of the main advantages…
- For instance…..
- One of the consequences….
- This appeals to me, because…
- I get a a lot of pleasure out of….
- I am very fond of….
- Another unusual fact about….
- I like … more than anything else because….
বক্তব্য শেষ করা জন্য …
- In conclusion,…
- To wrap up,….
- To conclude,….
- To sum up,….
যে প্রশ্নগুলো আপনাকে করা হতে পারে …
এটা দ্বারা আপনি বুঝতে পারবেন যে স্পিকিং টেস্টে আপনাকে কী ধরনের প্রশ্ন করা হতে পারে। উত্তরগুলো মুখস্থ করার দরকার নেই, তবে বারে বারে পড়লে এখান থেকে একটি ধারণা পাবেন যে কীভাবে প্রশ্নের উত্তর দিতে হবে। যদিও IELTS স্পিকিং টেস্টে প্রায় একই ধরনের প্রশ্নই করা হয়, তারপরও মুখস্থ উত্তর দিলে বোঝা যায়।
এখানে প্রাকটিস্ করার জন্য কিছু প্রশ্ন এবং উত্তর দেওয়া হলো:
Where is your hometown?
My hometown is in Bagerhat, which is a small city of Bangladesh. It’s located in the south-east of the country, not really that far from the eastern Indian border.
Is there much to do in your hometown?
Oh yes, there’s certainly lots to do there as it’s a very old city. If you like going out in the evening there are a lot of good restaurants and coffee houses. If you prefer cultural activities there are museums and art galleries. But if you like nature there are lots of other things outside of the city which are easy to reach.
What are the people like in your hometown?
They are mostly quite friendly, but as with most rising cities everyone is often busy so it may seem as if they are not interested in speaking or having a chat. But if you live there you know that most people are quite happy to have a chat if they have time and will help you if needed.
What are you studying at the moment?
I’m studying communication disorder at university though my regular study I finished some years ago. It’s a two year course, and I started it this year, so I have just two year left. I’m enjoying it a lot so it will be easy to finish.
What do you like most about your studies?
At this moment I am very much interested in human behavior and the way they communicate. But prior to this I learn about many things from the past such as politics and wars, and I like learning about how people lived in the past the most. It’s amazing to see how our lives have changed so much from the past up until now. In some ways our lives have got much easier now, but in other ways the simplicity of life in the past made people much happier. Learning about all that is fascinating.
What do you hope to do in the future when you have finished?
I am a writer, besides I’m not sure at the moment what to do with my latest degree, but I may go into studying further in abroad. This is why I’m doing the IELTS, as I intend to carry on and do a PHD in a specific area of communication disorder. I’ll probably decide for sure what to do when I have completed that.
What is your job?
I currently work as a contractual researcher at a government organization. I’ve been in the job for about three years now. I’m usually assigned to work with a specific area in order to preserve facts of our independent war.
Do you have to work with other people?
Oh yes, all the time. It’s a big office and sometimes I need training from the experts. I have colleagues I need to liaise with such as the editor, composer and proofreader and above me I also have administration staff who manage me.
Do you think you will change jobs in the future?
Well, that’s not something I’m thinking about at the moment as I really enjoy what I do and it’s a really important subject to work for. The pay is good and they have other good benefits such as flexi-time and end of year bonuses. But that said, change is always a good thing, so I can’t see me being there forever. I’m sure I will change one day.
Leisure time সম্পর্কিত:
What do you like to do in your free time?
I do quite a lot of reading and writing actually. I read reference book mostly – on Thursday nights and Friday afternoon I hang out with my family and friends. I work quite hard at the moment, so I don’t get a lot of free time unfortunately.
Have your leisure activities changed since you were a child?
Yes, a great deal actually. I used to love playing football when I was young as well – I played a lot at school.
Do you prefer to spend your free time alone or with other people?
It depends on my mood and work schedule really. I think most people need some time on their own. Sometimes my work is quite stressful and I spend a lot of time there with others, so it’s good to just get home and relax and read a book or something. But I get bored if I am alone too much so I like to go out and meet friends in the evening.
Do you like to travel by train?
Yes, I quite like them. If you are on a train you can relax and look out the window, read, use your lap top – it’s all quite comfortable. On the bus it’s more difficult to do those things because there is less space and the movement can make you travel sick too. The only problem with trains in my country is that they are often delayed or late. That can ruin your journey.
Where do you usually go by train?
It’s usually on long trips across the country if I want to visit friends or I have an appointment somewhere. For short journeys around where I live or to work it’s much easier to drive or take the bus. As I said before, you can do things such as read on the train so it’s good for long journeys.
When was the last time you traveled by train?
I’m not quite sure, let me think. It was a while ago now. I think the last time was last year when I went up to see some friends I had not seen for a while in the north of the country. Yes, that was it. It was a journey of about 3 hours and I had to change trains once during the journey. The first train was a bit crowded and noisy as I think there were people on there going to a football match, but it was an amazing trip most of the way..
Are you good at managing your time?
Actually I’d say I’m not too good! I don’t really have a system in place to organize things. I know some people have an electronic organizer or use some device to plan what they are doing but I don’t do that. But I always make sure I am on time for appointments and things like that, and I meet deadlines and get things done.
How do you manage your time?
As I said, I don’t have any specific system in place to manage my time. For example, if I am at work and I have a lot of cases, I just go through them each day and decide which I need to tackle first. At work we do have an online diary which I guess I use, so in that sense I do manage my time to an extent.
When is it most important for you to manage your time?
I think it is probably when you are at work. When out of work, it’s not really going to affect things too much, or at least only yourself, if you are late to meet friends or for an appointment, or if you are getting things done in your house. But at work, it will cause problems if you don’t manage your time effectively because you could miss deadlines or miss appointments. You could lose your job. So at work is when it is most important to manage your time.
What kind of books do you like to read?
I mostly like to read biographies. I’m not sure why but it is interesting to read about people’s real lives, especially when they have had interesting lives and have had to deal with many problems. I do read fiction as well, but I often find it difficult to get hold of a book that I really like. I also like reading about books to do with current affairs.
Do you read the same kind of books now that you read when you were a child?
Not really, no. Actually I didn’t read that much when I was a child, but if I did it was mainly fiction books, such as fairy tales. Things like The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe. Fantasy things.
When do you think is the best time to read?
I think any time is reading time, but when I read I like to concentrate, so I can’t read for a short time like on a bus ride like some people do. I like to put time aside to enjoy it. So if I have some free time at the weekend I might read for a few hours. And I nearly always read before I go to bed – this really helps me to sleep.
Art Galleries সম্পর্কিত:
Are there many art galleries where you live?
No, not that I know of. I live in a small town so I don’t think there are any, though we do have a few museums and other cultural institutions. In our capital city there are quite a few art galleries, however.
Did you like to go to art galleries when you were a child?
I’ve never been that interested in art to be honest, so not really. We were taken to one as part of a trip when I was at school. It has a lot of paintings from famous artists from our country. It was quite interesting to see I guess but I’ve not been to any since.
Should people have to pay to go to art galleries?
I think it depends really. If possible they should be free because if people do have to pay they are less likely to go and see it. But on the other hand these things cost money so a small fee may be necessary if it can keep the art gallery going and keep it open. Ideally though the government should pay for this as I believe this kind of thing is paid for by our taxes.
Can you swim?
Yes I can. I learnt at school when I was about 7 years old. Swimming lessons were compulsory at our school, like most schools I think.
Are there many places to swim near you?
Yes, there are a few public swimming pools. There is the main indoor one at a big sports complex in the center of town. But as I grew in the village I swam our homestead pond and my father taught me how to swim.
Do you think everyone should learn to swim?
Of course, I think it’s very important. Firstly, you spend much of your life on holiday by water, for example, when you go to the beach on holiday, so you won’t be able to enjoy yourself with your friends if you can’t swim. Also, for safety reasons it’s very important. You often hear about sad accidents involving young children so it’s very important.